Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Attorneys

If you or a loved one has experienced a traumatic brain injury resulting from a road accident, workplace incident, or public place mishap, it’s important to understand your rights.

Seeking compensation can be an overwhelming process, but you do not have to navigate it alone. In this article, we aim to provide you with the crucial information you need to make informed decisions and seek the justice you deserve. 

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury is a contributing factor to a third of all injury-related deaths in the United States. These injuries commonly result from accidents and can lead to a range of complications, from cognitive impairment to physical disabilities. Understanding TBI is the first step towards seeking the justice and the compensation you deserve. 

TBI Statistics 

Approximately 50,000 people die each year from traumatic brain injuries. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), TBI is a major cause of death and disability in the United States. The CDC estimates that: 

Annual TBI-related Emergency Department visits2.5 million
Annual TBI-related hospitalizations282,000
Annual TBI-related deaths56,800

Note: The above statistics highlight the severity and impact of TBI. If you or a loved one has suffered such an injury, it’s crucial to seek appropriate legal advice and pursue compensation, if applicable.

Doctor holding up brain injury scan X-rays

Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is often the result of a sudden, violent blow or jolt to the head. The severity of these injuries can range from a minor concussion to severe brain damage, and the causes are just as varied. Here, we explore some of the most common causes. 

  1. Car and Road Accidents: Accidents involving motor vehicles are a leading cause of TBI. This includes not only collisions between vehicles but also accidents involving pedestrians or cyclists. Even when safety equipment, such as seatbelts and airbags, are used, the force of a collision can still result in serious injury to the brain. Motor vehicle accidents are the second leading cause of traumatic brain injury, accounting for approximately 20% of all cases.
  2. Workplace Accidents: TBI can also occur in the workplace, particularly in industries that involve heavy machinery or high-risk environments. These accidents can include falls from height, objects falling onto workers, or blunt force trauma.
  3. Public Place Accidents: Slip and fall accidents in public places like supermarkets, restaurants, or on sidewalks can lead to TBI. These accidents often occur due to poorly maintained premises or negligence on the part of the property owner.
  4. Sporting Accidents: Contact sports such as football, boxing, and hockey, as well as high-impact sports like skiing or cycling, carry a significant risk of TBI. Despite safety measures and protective equipment, the nature of these sports means that head injuries are a common occurrence.

Understanding the common causes of TBI is the first step towards prevention. However, if you have suffered a TBI due to any of these circumstances, it’s important to seek legal advice to understand your rights and potential for compensation.

Common Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Understanding the symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is crucial, not only for your health, but also to establish the gravity of your case during a claim. Here are some of the most common symptoms: 

  1. Headaches or migraines: A constant or recurring headache can be one of the first signs of a TBI. It’s essential to note the intensity and frequency of these headaches as they can indicate the severity of the injury.
  2. Memory loss or concentration problems: These cognitive symptoms can severely impact your daily life, making it hard to focus or recall important information. This can be indicative of a TBI affecting parts of the brain associated with memory and cognition.
  3. Mood swings or changes in behavior: Noticing sudden changes in mood or behavior is often a tell-tale sign of a TBI. These changes can be sporadic and may manifest as outbursts of anger, episodes of depression, or unexpected laughter or crying.
  4. Dizziness and loss of balance: These physical symptoms suggest a disturbance in the brain’s regulation of balance and coordination, which can be the result of a TBI.
  5. Sensitivity to light or noise: If you find yourself suddenly intolerant to light or noise, it might be a symptom of a TBI. This can often lead to discomfort or pain in bright lighting conditions or in noisy environments.

Remember, these symptoms may not present immediately after an accident and can develop over time. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek immediate medical attention. Additionally, it can be beneficial to consult with a TBI lawyer to understand your rights and possible compensation.

Steps to File a TBI Claim 

After a traumatic brain injury (TBI), it’s understandable that you may feel overwhelmed, especially when considering pursuing compensation. However, seeking legal assistance can ensure your rights are protected and that you receive the compensation you deserve. Here’s a simplified breakdown of the process: 

  1. Initial Consultation: This is the first step where you provide the lawyer with as much information and evidence about your injuries and how they occurred. It’s free in most cases.
  2. Investigation: Your TBI lawyer will conduct a thorough investigation, collecting all necessary evidence. This includes medical records, accident reports, witness statements, and more.
  3. Filing the Case: After the investigation, your lawyer will file a personal injury lawsuit on your behalf.
  4. Discovery: Both sides exchange information in the discovery process. Your lawyer will receive information about the defense’s case and vice versa.
  5. Negotiations: Most TBI cases settle out of court. Your lawyer will negotiate with the defense to reach a fair settlement.
  6. Trial: If a satisfactory settlement cannot be reached, your case may go to trial. Your TBI lawyer will represent you, presenting your case to the judge or jury.
  7. Settlement or Judgment: If your case is settled, you’ll receive the agreed amount. If your case goes to trial and you win, the court will award a judgment in your favor.

It’s important to remember, each step in this process requires careful attention and preparation. Having a dedicated TBI lawyer by your side can make a significant difference in the outcome of your case.

If you have suffered a TBI as the result of a work accident, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. You may also be entitled to workers’ compensation benefits, which can provide financial assistance for medical expenses and lost wages. An experienced personal injury lawyer can help you navigate the legal process and maximize your chances of success.

Lady going into MRI for brain scan with doctor operating machine

Understanding the Time Limits for Filing a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Claim

Knowing the time limit, or “statute of limitations”, for filing a traumatic brain injury claim is crucial. This period varies from state to state, and may also depend on the nature of the injury or accident. In California, you generally have two years from the date of the injury to file a claim. However, there are exceptions to this rule that can extend or shorten the time limit. 

“The ‘statute of limitations’ is a critical legal deadline. Missing it could mean losing your right to compensation for your traumatic brain injury.”

Time Limits for TBI Claims in Major States 

Here’s a quick overview of time limits for TBI claims in other major US states: 

StateTime Limit
New York3 years
Florida4 years
Texas2 years
Illinois2 years

Note: The time limit begins from the date of the accident or injury, or from the date when you first became aware of the injury. Always consult with a knowledgeable TBI lawyer to understand the time limits applicable to your case. 

How a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Lawyer Can Help You

Recovering from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a challenging process. It becomes even more stressful when you’re left to navigate the legal maze of seeking compensation for your injury. This is where a TBI lawyer comes to your aid. They can take off the burden of legal complexities and help you focus on your recovery. Here’s how: 

  1. Knowledge and Experience: TBI lawyers have specialized knowledge about brain injury laws. They have dealt with cases similar to yours and understand the intricacies involved. This means they’re equipped to handle your case effectively.
  2. Case Preparation: They gather all necessary documents, medical records, and other evidence to build a strong case for you. They can also connect with medical experts to obtain professional opinions that strengthen your claim.
  3. Negotiation: They negotiate with the opposing party’s insurance company on your behalf. They know the tactics these companies use to minimize payouts and are adept at countering them to maximize your compensation.
  4. Representation in Court: If your case goes to court, your TBI lawyer will represent you, ensuring that your interests are protected. They’re experienced in presenting cases convincingly and persuasively before the judge and jury.
  5. Support and Guidance: Last but not least, TBI lawyers provide emotional support and guidance throughout the process. They understand the impact of a TBI on your life and work to ensure that you’re fairly compensated for your pain, suffering, and loss.

Compensation You May Be Entitled to for Your Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), you may find yourself dealing with a range of financial burdens. From medical bills to lost wages, the costs can quickly pile up. If your injury was the result of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation to help offset these costs. 

It’s critical to understand that each TBI case is unique, and the amount of compensation you may receive varies based on several factors, including the severity of your injury, the impact on your quality of life, and the circumstances of your accident.

Types of Compensation 

You can typically claim compensation for the following: 

  1. Medical expenses: This includes the cost of immediate medical care, ongoing treatment, rehabilitation, and any future medical expenses related to your injury.
  2. Lost wages: If your injury prevents you from working, you may be compensated for lost income and potential future earnings.
  3. Pain and suffering: This refers to the physical pain and emotional distress you have endured as a result of your injury. It can also cover future discomfort related to your injury.
  4. Loss of consortium: If your injury has impacted your relationship with your spouse, you may be entitled to compensation.

Calculating Compensation 

How compensation is calculated can be complex and usually requires the expertise of a TBI lawyer. Here is a general breakdown of how some damages are calculated: 

Type of CompensationHow it’s Calculated
Medical ExpensesActual costs of medical bills and estimated future costs
Lost WagesCurrent income multiplied by the amount of work missed, plus estimated future lost earnings
Pain and SufferingTypically based on the severity of the injury, the impact on the victim’s life, and the pain endured
Loss of ConsortiumBased on the negative impact on the relationship with the spouse

It’s important to consult with a skilled TBI lawyer who can accurately assess your situation and help you pursue the compensation you deserve.

Proving Liability in a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Claim

In a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) claim, proving liability is crucial. This involves demonstrating that another party was negligent or responsible for the accident that led to your injuries. The process of proving liability can vary depending on the nature of the accident. Let’s examine some common scenarios: 

1. Car and Road Accidents 

Car and road accidents are a leading cause of TBIs. To establish liability: 

  • Determine Fault: Document the circumstances of the accident, including road conditions, vehicle damage, and eyewitness accounts. This can help establish who was at fault.
  • Police Reports: Obtain a copy of the police report. It usually contains an officer’s assessment of fault, which can be significant evidence.
  • Violation of Traffic Laws: If the other driver violated traffic laws, it provides strong evidence of negligence.

Remember, you must establish that the other party was at fault and their actions directly led to your injuries.

Most Vulnerable Road Users for Traumatic Brain Injuries 

The road can be a hazardous place and there are certain groups of users who are particularly vulnerable to traumatic brain injuries. It’s important to remember that these groups are not inherently more accident-prone. Instead, their vulnerability often stems from factors such as lack of protection, exposure to high-risk situations, or potential for greater injury due to physical characteristics. 

  • Pedestrians: Pedestrians lack the physical protection that a vehicle provides and are exposed directly to any impact.
  • Cyclists: Despite the use of helmets, cyclists can still suffer serious brain injuries due to the speed and lack of other protective gear.
  • Motorcyclists: Like cyclists, motorcyclists are exposed and even though they may wear protective gear, the high speeds involved can lead to severe injuries.
  • Elderly drivers: Older adults can be more susceptible to brain injuries due to the natural weakening of the brain and skull with age.
  • Young drivers: Inexperience and lack of judgment can lead young drivers to high-risk situations, increasing the likelihood of serious injuries.

2. Work Accidents 

Workplace accidents can also result in TBIs. In these cases: 

  • Employer’s Responsibility: Employers have a duty to provide safe working conditions. If they fail in this duty, they can be held liable.
  • Workers’ Compensation: Most employees are covered by workers’ compensation insurance, which can provide benefits regardless of who was at fault.
  • Third-Party Liability: If a third party (not your employer or co-worker) contributed to the accident, you might have a claim against them.

Jobs with Highest TBI Risks

Some jobs carry a higher risk of traumatic brain injuries due to the nature of their work environment, tasks, and equipment used. Here are some of the job types with the highest risk: 

  • Construction Workers: Construction sites are often fraught with potential hazards like falling objects, dangerous machinery, and high working areas.
  • Transportation and Warehousing Employees: Employees in these sectors face risks from trucking vehicle accidents, forklifts and moving heavy goods.
  • Police and Security Personnel: These individuals are often in high-risk situations that can result in head injuries.
  • Athletes and Coaches: Sports, particularly contact sports, carry a high risk of traumatic brain injuries.
  • Manufacturing and Production Workers: Working with heavy machinery and equipment can pose a risk of head injuries.
  • Military Personnel: Exposure to combat situations and heavy equipment makes military personnel vulnerable to traumatic brain injuries.

Please note that anyone, regardless of the type of work they do, can sustain a traumatic brain injury. The listed jobs simply carry a higher statistical risk.

3. Public Place Accidents 

Accidents that occur in public places can lead to TBIs. To prove liability: 

  • Premises Liability: Property owners are responsible for maintaining safe conditions. If they neglect this duty, they can be held liable for accidents.
  • Document the Condition: Photograph or video the hazardous condition that caused the accident.
  • Incident Reports: If an incident report was made, obtain a copy. It can serve as critical evidence.

4. Sporting Accidents 

Sporting accidents can result in TBIs, especially in high-contact sports. Establishing liability can be more complex due to assumed risk, but it’s not impossible: 

  • Waivers: If you signed a waiver, it might limit your ability to sue. However, waivers do not absolve entities from gross negligence.
  • Equipment Failure: If your injury was caused by defective equipment, the manufacturer might be held liable.
  • Improper Supervision: Coaches or supervisors who fail to enforce safety rules or provide adequate training may be held accountable for injuries.

Proving liability in a TBI claim requires an in-depth understanding of the law. An experienced TBI lawyer can guide you through the process, ensuring your rights are protected and you receive the compensation you deserve.

Resources Available to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Victims

For victims of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), accessing the right resources can be a crucial step towards recovery and compensation.

1. Medical Resources

  • Hospitals and Trauma Centers: It’s essential to seek immediate medical attention after a TBI. Hospitals and trauma centers have the equipment and expertise to diagnose and treat such injuries. They can also provide medical evidence required for legal cases.
  • Rehabilitation Centers: TBI often requires long-term rehabilitation. These centers specialize in helping patients regain lost abilities and adapt to new limitations.
  • Neurologists and Psychiatrists: These medical professionals can provide ongoing treatment and monitor the recovery process.

Note: It’s important to keep all medical records and bills associated with your TBI treatment. They will be crucial in building your legal case.

  • Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers: An experienced TBI lawyer can guide you through the process of seeking compensation. They can help gather evidence, negotiate with insurance companies, and represent you in court if necessary.
  • Legal Aid: For those who can’t afford a private attorney, legal aid organizations may provide free or low-cost legal assistance.

3. Support Resources 

  • Support Groups: Connecting with others who are going through the same experience can provide emotional support and practical advice.
  • Counseling: Mental health professionals can help victims cope with the emotional impact of TBI.
  • Disability Services: If your TBI has resulted in a disability, you may be eligible for services such as home modifications, assistive devices, and vocational training.

Remember, help is available. You don’t have to navigate your recovery or your legal journey alone.


What are some challenges in settling a traumatic brain injury claim?

Settling a traumatic brain injury claim can often pose several challenges. These include proving the extent of your injuries, dealing with insurance companies, and understanding complex legal procedures.

What are some alternatives to settling a traumatic brain injury claim?

Alternatives to settling a TBI claim may include pursuing a trial, where a judge or jury makes the final decision, or opting for mediation or arbitration, both of which involve a neutral third-party to help reach a resolution.

What are some successful outcomes of traumatic brain injury claims?

Successful outcomes of traumatic brain injury claims often involve compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering. These claims can also lead to policy changes in negligent companies or institutions, enhancing safety standards to prevent future injuries.

Updated on August 23, 2023

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